Optical Characterization of Plasmonic Indium Lattices Fabricated via Electrochemical Deposition
The optical properties of periodic metallic nanoparticle lattices have found many exciting applications. Indium is an emerging plasmonic material that offers to extend the plasmonic applications given by gold and silver from the visible to the ultraviolet spectral range, with applications in imaging, sensing, and lasing. Due to the high vapor pressure/low melting temperature of indium, nanofabrication of ordered metallic nanoparticles is nontrivial. In this work, we show the potential of selective area electrochemical deposition to generate large-area lattices of In pillars for plasmonic applications. We study the optical response of the In lattices by means of angle-dependent extinction measurements demonstrating strong plasmonic surface lattice resonances and a good agreement with numerical simulations. The results open avenues toward high-quality lattices of plasmonic indium nanoparticles and can be extended to other promising plasmonic materials that can be electrochemically grown.