Integrated sideband-resolved SERS with a dimer on a nanobeam hybrid

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Publication date
Reference I. Shlesinger, I.M. Palstra and A.F. Koenderink, Integrated sideband-resolved SERS with a dimer on a nanobeam hybrid, Phys.Rev.Lett. 130, (1), 016901: 1-6 (2023)
Group Resonant Nanophotonics

In analogy to cavity optomechanics, enhancing specific sidebands of a Raman process with narrowband optical resonators would allow for parametric amplification, entanglement of light and molecular vibrations, and reduced transduction noise. We report on the demonstration of waveguide-addressable sideband-resolved surface-enhanced Raman scattering (SERS). We realized a hybrid plasmonic-photonic resonator consisting of a 1D photonic crystal cavity decorated with a sub-20 nm gap dimer nanoantenna. Hybrid resonances in the near-IR provide designer Q-factors of 1000, and Q/V=(λ3/106)−1, with SERS signal strength on par with levels found in state-of-the-art purely plasmonic systems. We evidence Fano-lineshapes in the SERS enhancement of organic molecules, and quantitatively separate out the pump enhancement and optical reservoir contributions.