Generation of pure OAM beams with a single state of polarization by antenna-decorated microdisk resonators
We report waveguide-addressed plasmonic–photonic resonators that generate beams of controlled orbital angular momentum and spin angular momentum content upon driving through a waveguide. From phase-gradient metasurfaces, we borrow the idea of carefully combining multiple nanoscale resonators in a repeat unit, from which we build periodic rings that decorate microdisk resonators. We describe the general mode structure of microdisk cavities perturbed by antenna arrays on the basis of a quasinormal mode formalism and present a strategy to simultaneously control the orbital and spin angular momentum content of light outcoupled to the far field. We propose a realization that uses silicon nitride disks and aluminum nanorod antennas. We find excellent polarization and orbital angular momentum (OAM) purity, as benchmarked by polarization-resolved interferometric Fourier microscopy on single devices.