Direct linearly polarized electroluminescence from perovskite nanoplatelet superlattices

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Reference J. Je, A. Ren, L. Dai, T.K. Baikie, R. Guo, P. Debapriya, S. Gorgon, J.E. Heger, J. Huang, Y. Sun, R. Arul, G. Grimaldi, K. Zhang, J. Shamsi, Y.T. Huang, H. Wang, J. Wu, A.F. Koenderink, L. Torrente Murciano, M. Schwartzkopf, S.V. Roth, P. Müller-Buschbaum, J.J. Baumberg, S.D. Stranks, N.C. Greenham, L. Polavarapu, W. Zhang, A. Rao and R.L.Z. Hoye, Direct linearly polarized electroluminescence from perovskite nanoplatelet superlattices, Nat. Photon. 18, 586-594 (2024)
Group Resonant Nanophotonics

Polarized light is critical for a wide range of applications, but is usually generated by filtering unpolarized light, which leads to substantial energy losses and requires additional optics. Here we demonstrate the direct emission of linearly polarized light from light-emitting diodes made of CsPbI3 perovskite nanoplatelet superlattices. The use of solvents with different vapour pressures enables the self-assembly of the nanoplatelets with fine control over their orientation (either face-up or edge-up) and therefore their transition dipole moment. As a result of the highly uniform alignment of the nanoplatelets, as well as their strong quantum and dielectric confinement, large exciton fine-structure splitting is achieved at the film level, leading to pure red light-emitting diodes with linearly polarized electroluminescence exhibiting a high degree of polarization of 74.4% without any photonic structures. This work demonstrates the potential of perovskite nanoplatelets as a promising source of linearly polarized light, opening up the development of next-generation three-dimensional displays and optical communications from a highly versatile, solution-processable system.