Dual-Polarization Analog 2D Image Processing with Nonlocal Metasurfaces

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DOI http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acsphotonics.0c00473
Reference H. Kwon, A. Cordaro, D.L. Sounas, A. Polman and A. Alù, Dual-Polarization Analog 2D Image Processing with Nonlocal Metasurfaces, ACS Photonics 7, 7: 1799-1805 (2020)
Group Photonic Materials

Optical analog computing using metasurfaces has been the subject of numerous studies, aimed at implementing highly efficient and ultrafast image processing in a compact device. The proposed approaches to date have shown limitations in terms of spatial resolution, overall efficiency, polarization and azimuthal angular dependence. Here, we present the design of a polarization-insensitive metasurface with tailored nonlocality based on a Fano resonant response, enabling both odd- and even-order analog mathematical operations on an incoming image. The metasurface is formed by a single-layered triangular lattice of holes in a suspended silicon membrane, which induces a strong nonlocal response in the transverse spatial frequency spectrum. Our paper provides a path to realize highly efficient optical metasurfaces performing isotropic and polarization-insensitive edge detection on an arbitrary 2D optical image.